Questionnaire portrait of the outstanding Russian pathologist, neuromorphologist and psychiatrist, Professor Pavel Evgenievich Snesarev (25.10.1876–05.11.1954)


Alexander Zubritsky (Russian Federation)

 This work has the purpose to collect and systematize the biographical information for Professor Snesarev according to the questionnaire prepared by me. Born in the village of Kamyshevsky region of the Don Army in a large family of a regimental priest. Married. Children: George, Gleb. His elder brother was repressed on false charges of counterrevolutionary activity (1930), rehabilitated in 1958. Graduated from Novocherkassk Ecclesiastical Seminary and with honors from the Military Medical Academy. Work as a doctor in the clinic of mental and nervous diseases of the Military Medical Academy, then assistant in the St. Petersburg psychiatric hospital of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker. Participant of the Russian-Japanese War as a regimental doctor (1904–05). Scientific trip to Germany. Defense of doctoral dissertation on the topic “On the nerve fibers of the frog anterior brain” under the direction of V.M. Bekhterev (1908). Chief Physician of the Kostroma psychiatric hospital (1911–22). Head of Prosektura, 1st Moscow Psychiatric Hospital (1922–31) and Psychiatric Hospital named P.B.Gannushkina, which became a center for education and training of young scientific personnel of neuromorphologists (1931–39). Head, Morphology Department, Institute of Psychiatry of the Ministry of Health of the RSFSR and at the same time Head, Pathohistological Laboratory, Institute of Brain AMN USSR (1939–54). Honors and awards: The founder of the domestic histopathology of the nervous system and the pathological anatomy of mental diseases. He created the doctrine of the brain grain, it belongs to the best in literature research on the development of the meninges, developed and described 3 methods of staining brain tissue, summed up his experience of the war years and expressed his original opinion of the pathological features of abscesses under martial shrapnel wounds to the brain, has always stressed in its works the leading role of the nervous system in the development and outcome of pathological processes, and more. Honored scientist of the RSFSR (1945). Awarded the orders of Lenin and Labour Red Banner, the medal “For Valiant Labor in the Great Patriotic War”. Scientific interests: Study of pathological anatomy of nervous and mental diseases, military pathology of the central nervous system, issues of embryology. Author of more than 150 publications and a number of monographs. Member of All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) and the Editorial Board “Proceedings of the 1st Moscow Psychiatric Hospital». His motto – look for a characteristic of the process in the brain of the deceased, and do not search for private finds, of which in such a large organ - a million. Distinctive feature: Deep devotion to science, great demands on oneself, wide range of interests with high intelligence, talented organizer, brilliant clinician, lecturer and forecaster. Played the cello, had a good voice, inherited from his parents. Died on November 05, 1954 in Moscow at the age of 78. Buried at the Vagankovskoye cemetery in Moscow.

Опубликованна в сентябре 2018 года в "Abstracts Book" // 46th Congress of ISHM
(The International Society for the History of Medicine), Lisbon 3–7 September 2018. – 5115. – P.67,
 во время проходящего в Лиссабоне 46-го конгресса Международного общества по истории

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