Wednesday, 6 September 2017, 09:30–10:30, Hall 3 PS-20 History of Pathology
PS-20-004 The questionnaire portraits of five Russian pathologists
Objective: This work has the aim to collect and systematize the biographical information on Professor Alexander Mikhailovich Vavilov, Professor George Gerasimovich Avtandilov, Professor Ippolit Vasilievich Davydovsky, Mikhail Fyodorovich Glazunov and Professor Oleg Konstantinovich Khmelnitsky.
Method: According to the questionnaires prepared by me.
Professor Alexander Mikhailovich Vavilov, Known Russian scientist-dermatopathologist (22.04.1938 - 02.10.2007):
Born in Moscow in a family of employees. Married. Having children. Graduated from the 2nd Moscow Medical Institute named after Nikolai I.Pirogov (1963). Defense of doctoral thesis on “Clinic, morphology and histogenesis of tumors of skin appendages (sweat glands and hair follicles)” (1990). Senior, leading researcher, Head, Department of Pathomorphology, Central Research of Skin and Venereology named after VG Korolenko ((1986–2007). He belongs to the development of clinicomorphological classification of skin lymphomas based on the phenotypic characteristics of B- and T-cell skin lymphomas. Research interests: Dermatooncology, immunomorphological studies of the morphology and morphogenesis of chronic dermatoses, the study of stromal-epithelial interactions in a number of keratodermias. The author of over 150 scientific works, including manuals for doctors “Pathomorphology of skin diseases”, as well as chapters of “Skin Disease” in the reference book “Pathology” (2002). Distinctive feature: Modesty, intelligence, compassion, unselfishness and kindness, always ready to help and love to his family. He died in Moscow at the 70th year of life.
Professor George Gerasimovich Avtandilov, Well-known Russian scientist pathologist-morphometrist of the academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (21.09.1922 - 14.12. 2009):
Born in Kizlyar, Terek region in the family of a doctor. Military service: captured, concentration camp Lamsdorf No.318 (1941–45); released from captivity (17.03.1945), the participant of the Great Patriotic War. Graduated from North Ossetian Medical Institute (1951). Doctoral thesis on theme “Dynamics of morphological changes and pathogenesis of atherosclerosis of the aorta and coronary arteries of the human heart (biometric study)” (1965). Head and creator of the first laboratory of Morphometry and Biophysics, Institute of Human Morphology, AMS of the USSR (1965–75). Head, Department of Pathology, RMAPE (1975– 2009). Expert and temporary adviser for WHO in preparing ICD-9, ICD-O and the Centre for the study of kidney diseases; founded a new scientific direction—mathematical pathology on the basis of the use of computerized morphometric techniques and created a domestic school of quantitative pathological anatomy. Honored worker of science (1991) and the main pathologist of Ministry of Health of the RSFSR (1980–90). Author of over 400 scientific works, including 20 monographs and manuals, 15 inventions, 3 discoveries, and more. Hobbies: Classical symphonic music. He died in Moscow at the 88th year of life and was buried in the Armenian cemetery
Professor Ippolit Vasilievich Davydovsky, outstanding Russian scientist-pathologist, academician of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR (01.08.1887 - 11.06.1968):
Born in Danilov, Yaroslavl province, in the family of a local priest. Graduated from the medical faculty of Moscow University (1910). Doctoral thesis on “Morbid anatomy and pathology of typhus” (1921). Head, Department of Pathology, 2 Moscow Medical Institute (1930–68). Head, Laboratory of Pathology of Old Age, Institute of Human Morphology, AMS of the USSR (1961–68). One of the founders of the clinico-anatomical direction in the patanatomy and one of the best biopsists of the 20th century, rebuilt the teaching of private patanatomy and began to present it according to the nosological principle. Honored scientist of the RSFSR (1940); Chief pathologist of the evacuation hospitals (1941–45); Hero of Socialist Labor (1957). Research interests: Infectious diseases, atherosclerosis, pathology of combat injuries and wound complications, etiology and pathogenesis, questions of cellular pathology, organization of the autopsy cases in USSR, gerontology, general pathology and philosophical issues of medicine. Author more than 260 scientific works, including fundamental and original manuals and monographs. Distinctive feature: Punctuality, paradoxical thinking, very modest and accessible to all doctors. Hobby: Hunting. He died in Moscow at the 81st year of life from stroke and was buried in Novodevichy cemetery.
Mikhail Fyodorovich Glazunov, Russian pathologist-oncologist, scientist and educator (12.11.1896 - 11.11.1967):
Born in Tsarskoye Selo near St. Petersburg in family of manager of St. Petersburg branch of chocolate concern “George Borman”. Graduated from the Imperial Nicholas Tsarskoye Selo Gymnasium with a silver medal (1915) and Military Medical Academy (1919). Regimental doctor, service in Red Army (1919–24); from the first steps of medical practice sharply felt the need to verify its clinical diagnoses, so he began to make autopsies in unfavorable conditions of Eastern Bukhara, where sectional table served as a door removed from the hinges. Junior, senior lecturer, Department of Pathology, Military Medical Academy (1924–41) and simultaneously Head (1929–63), consultant (1963–67), Pathomorphological Department, Leningrad Cancer Institute with simultaneous work as Head of WHO International Reference Center for Histological Classification of Ovarian Tumors and Head of Department of Pathology, GIDUV named after S.M. Kirov; Chief pathologist of Red Army (1942–44), seriously wounded (1942), demobilized by illness (1945). Corresponding member (1946), academician of the USSR (1960). Research interests: Oncomorphology, infectious pathology and pathology of wartime and other. Author of over 70 scientific works. Distinctive feature: High insistence to himself and to his disciples, adherence to principles. Hobbies: Subtle connoisseur and collector of Russian painting. He died at 71st year of life from a cerebral hemorrhage, not surviving 1 day before his birthday and is buried in Bogoslovsky cemetery of St. Petersburg.
Professor Oleg Konstantinovich Khmelnitsky, Russian pathologist, scientist, and educator (04.11.1920 - 8.02.2004):
Born in village Preobrazhenskoe of Luzhskoy district of Petrograd province. Graduated from the 1 Leningrad Medical Institute named after academician I.P.Pavlov (1942). Doctoral thesis on “Pathological anatomy and some questions of pathogenesis of visceral candidiasis” (1963). Military service (1942–45): work in special teams for study of postmortem pathologic anatomy gunshot wound in a combat zone; within 900 days of blockade worked in the besieged city; Head (1963–96), Professor of the Department of Pathology with the course of Cytology, at the same time Chief Scientist, Pathological Laboratory, St. Petersburg Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education (SPMAPE) (1996–04). Сhief Pathologist of the Leningrad Department of Health (1965–75). Honored Scientist of the RSFSR (1982). Corresponding Member of the USSR AMS (1986). WHO expert on the histological classification of thyroid tumours. Honorary Doctor of Science SPMAPE with the award of mantle (2000). Research interests: Pathology of mycoses , endocrine, immune, and bone-joint systems, diagnostics of gynecological diseases, philosophical problems of medicine, pathological aspects of geographic pathology. The author of 360 scientific works, including 25 monographs, guidelines and other. He died in St. Petersburg at the age of 83 years and is buried at the cemetery Bolsheokhtinskoye.
(From Virchows Arch. – 2017. – Vol.471. – PS-20-004 (Suppl 1): S245-S246)