21 июля 2014
2811

Второй ежегодный Политический форум высокого уровня по устойчивому развитию (ЭКОСОС ООН, Нью-Йорк): Prototype of Global Sustainable Development Report

Contents
1. Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................................. 1
1.1. Context ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 1
1.2. "Prototype" UN report ............................................................................................................................................................... 3
1.3. Participation and consultations .................................................................................................................................................. 3
1.4. Objective and scope ................................................................................................................................................................... 4
1.5. Outline ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 6
2. Assessments for sustainable development ................................................................................................................................... 8
2.1. Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................ 8
2.2. International assessments .......................................................................................................................................................... 9
2.3. National assessments ............................................................................................................................................................... 16
2.4. Designing assessment processes to link knowledge with action .............................................................................................. 20
2.5. Emerging issues identified by science ...................................................................................................................................... 21
3. Review of progress ...................................................................................................................................................................... 23
3.1. Sustainable development trends and progress ........................................................................................................................ 23
3.2. Reflection on synergies and trade-offs ..................................................................................................................................... 36
3.3. Progress in terms of commitments on sustainable development ............................................................................................ 40
3.4. Perspectives: Making sense of the debate on sustainable development progress .................................................................. 42
4. Visions, scenarios and future pathways toward sustainable development ................................................................................ 43
4.1. If we continue like in the past: a "dynamics-as-usual scenario" 2010-2050 ............................................................................ 43
4.2. A better world we can achieve: a sustainable development scenario ..................................................................................... 47
4.3. The most likely world in 2050? A prediction for the world in 2052 ......................................................................................... 51
4.4. Note on global scenarios at the science-policy interface ......................................................................................................... 51
4.5. Investment and technology needs and market potentials ....................................................................................................... 54
5. Measuring progress .................................................................................................................................................................... 58
5.1. Measuring progress towards internationally agreed commitments ........................................................................................ 58
5.2. Global initiatives on measuring overall progress ...................................................................................................................... 63
5.3. Monitoring development from space and beyond: filling data gaps in the poorest countries with "big data" approaches ... 74
5.4. The way forward ....................................................................................................................................................................... 81
6. Special theme: The climate-land-energy-water-development nexus ......................................................................................... 83
6.1. From integrated assessment to the climate-land-energy-water-development nexus ............................................................. 83
6.2. Interlinked issues: climate, land/food, energy, water, materials, and development ............................................................... 84
6.3. Hierarchy of assessments ......................................................................................................................................................... 87
6.4. Global CLEWS model - an open source, open-data approach ................................................................................................. 88
6.5. Landscape of CLEWD nexus applications: subnational, national, regional, and cross-border river basins .............................. 88
6.6. Conclusion ................................................................................................................................................................................ 96
7. Selected science digests .............................................................................................................................................................. 97
7.1. Ocean Acidification ................................................................................................................................................................... 97
7.2. Marine microbial ecology and bioreactors ............................................................................................................................... 99
7.3. Protein substitutes and the livestock sector .......................................................................................................................... 100
8. Issues for Consideration ............................................................................................................................................................ 103
8.1. Lessons-learnt from the preparation of the present prototype ............................................................................................. 103
8.2. Selected issues ........................................................................................................................................................................ 104
8.3. Options for scope and methodology of a global sustainable development report ................................................................ 105

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